Arboretum Leaflets fact sheets

Recent Publications

Desmond, J., J. B. Zedler, and G. D. Williams.  2000.  Fish use of tidal creek habitats in two southern California salt marshes.  Ecological Engineering.

James, M. L., and J. B. Zedler.  2000.  Dynamics of wetland and upland subshrubs at the salt marsh-coastal sage scrub ecotone.  American Midland

Zedler, J. B.  2000.  Restoration of biodiversity to coastal and inland wetlands.  Pp. 311-330 in B. Gopal, editor. Biodiversity in Wetlands: Assessment,
Function and Conservation.
Backhuys Publishers,
Leiden, The Netherlands.

Zedler, J. B., and J. C. Callaway. 2000.   Evaluating the progress of engineered tidal wetlands. Ecological Engineering 15:211-225. 

Desmond, J. S., G. D. Williams, and. B. Zedler  2000. Improving the design of fish habitat mitigation projects in southern California.  Pages 245-251. 
J. E. Keeley, M. Baer-Keeley, and C.J. Fotheringham, eds.  2nd Interface Between Ecology and  Land Development in California.  US Geological
Survey Open File Report 00-62.  Sacramento, California.

Streever, W., and J. B. Zedler.  2000.  To plant or not to plant?  BioScience 50:188-189.

Zedler, J. B.  2000.  Progress in wetland restoration ecology.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15:402-407 (invited review article).

Trnka, S., and J. B. Zedler.  2000.  Site conditions, not parental phenotype, determine the height of Spartina foliosa.  Estuaries 23:572-582..

Lindig-Cisneros, R. and J. B. Zedler.  2000.  Restoring urban habitats:  A comparative approach.  Ecological Restoration 18:184-192.

West, J. M., and J. B. Zedler.  2000.  Marsh-creek connectivity:  Fish use of a tidal salt marsh in southern California.  Estuaries 23: 699-710.

Noe, G. B., and J. B. Zedler.  2000.  Differential effects of four abiotic factors on the germination of salt marsh annuals.  American Journal of Botany

Boyer, K. E., J. C. Callaway, and J. B. Zedler.  2000.  Evaluating the progress of restored cordgrass (Spartina foliosa) marshes: Belowground biomass
and tissue N.  Estuaries 23:711-721.

Fong, P., and J. B. Zedler.  2000.  Sources, sinks, and fluxes of nutrients (N+P) in a small highly modified urban estuary in southern CaliforniaUrban

Zedler, J. B., editor.  2001.  Handbook for Restoring Tidal Wetlands.  Marine Science Series, CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton.  Florida.

Zedler, J. B., R. Lindig-Cisneros, C. Bonilla-Warford, and I. Woo. 2001.  Restoration of biodiversity: An overview.  Pp. 203-212 in S. Levin, editor.  
Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol. 5.. 
Academic Press, San Diego.

Noe, G. B., and J. B. Zedler.  2001.  Spatio-temporal variation of salt marsh seedling establishment in relation to the abiotic and biotic environment. 
Journal of Vegetation Science

Noe, G. B., and J. B. Zedler.  2001.  Variable precipitation limits the germination of upper intertidal marsh plants in southern CaliforniaEstuaries 24:30-40.

Madon, S. P., G. D. Williams, J. M. West, and J. B. Zedler.  2001.  The importance of marsh access to growth of the California killifish, Fundulus parvipinnis,
evaluated through bioenergetics modeling.  Ecological Modelling 136: 149-165.

Williams, G. D., J. M. West, and J. B. Zedler.  2001.  Shifts in fish and invertebrate assemblages of two southern California estuaries during the 1997-98
El Niño.  Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 100(3): 212-237.

Goodwin, P., A. J. Mehta, and J. B. Zedler.  2001.  Tidal wetland restoration: An introduction.  Journal of Coastal Research Special Issue 27:1-6.

Zedler, J. B., and J. C. Callaway.  2001.  Tidal wetland functioning.  In P. Goodwin and A. J. Mehta, eds.  Tidal Wetlands; Physical and Ecological processes.
Journal of Coastal Research
Special Issue 27:38-64.

Zedler, J. B., and R. Lindig-Cisneros. 2001.   Functional equivalency of restored and natural salt marshes. Pp. 565-582 in M. Weinstein and D. Kreeger, eds. 
Concepts and Controversies in Tidal Marsh Ecology
Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Zedler, J. B., and L. Shabman.  2001.  Compensatory mitigation needs improvement, panel says.  National Wetlands Newsletter 23(4):1, 12-14. 
[Also reprinted in Ecological Restoration, November 2001.]

McCarty, J. P., and J. B. Zedler.  2001.  Ecological restoration and its potential to reduce the negative impacts of global change.  Pp. 532-539 in H. A.
Mooney and J. Canadell, eds. Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Vol. 2: The Earth System: Biological and Ecological Dimensions of
Global Environmental Change.  John Wiley and Sons Ltd., London.

Lindig-Cisneros, R. A., and J. B. Zedler.  2001.  Effect of light on Phalaris arundinacea L. germination.  Plant Ecology 155:75-78. 

Turner, R. E., A. Redmond, and J. B. Zedler.  2001.  Count it by acre or function—Mitigation adds up to net loss of wetlands.  National Wetlands

Zedler, J. B., J. C. Callaway, and G. Sullivan.  2001.  Declining biodiversity: Why species matter and how their functions might be restored.  BioScience

Committee on Wetland Mitigation; National Research Council.  2001.  Compensating for Wetland Loss under the Clean Water Act.  National Academy
Press, Washington, D.C.  (Coauthor of this book and chair of the panel that produced it). 

Bonilla-Warford, C., and J. B. Zedler.  2002.  Potential for using native plant species in stormwater wetlands.  Environmental Management 29:385-393.

Keer, G., and J. B. Zedler.  2002.  Salt marsh canopy architecture differs with the number and composition of species.  Ecological Applications 12:456-473.

Maurer, D. A., and J. B. Zedler.  2002.  Differential invasion of a wetland grass explained by tests of nutrients and light availability on establishment and
vegetative growth.  Oecologia 131:279-288

Lindig-Cisneros, R. and J. B. Zedler. 2002.  Phalaris arundinacea L. seedling establishment: Effects of canopy complexity in fen, mesocosm and restoration
experiments.  Canadian Journal of Botany 80:617-624

Madon, S. P., J. West, and J. B. Zedler.  2002.  Responses of fish to topographic heterogeneity in an experimental marsh (California).  Ecological

Zedler, J. B., and Paul Adam.  2002.  Saltmarshes  Pp. 238-266 in M. Perrow and A. Davy, ed.  Handbook of Restoration Ecology, Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.  Cambridge, UK.

Lindig-Cisneros, R. and J. B. Zedler. 2002.  Relationships between canopy complexity and germination microsites for Phalaris arundinacea L.

Desmond, J., D. Deutschman, and J. B. Zedler.  2002.  Spatial and temporal variation in estuarine fish and invertebrate assemblages: Analysis of an
11-year dataset.  Estuaries 25:552-569.

Woo, I., and J. B. Zedler.  2002.  Can nutrients alone shift a sedge meadow towards the invasive Typha x glauca?  Wetlands 22:509-521.

Werner, K. J. and J. B. Zedler.  2002.  How sedge meadow soils, microtopography, and vegetation respond to sedimentation.  Wetlands 22:451-466.

Lindig-Cisneros, R. and J. B. Zedler. 2002.  Halophyte recruitment in a salt marsh restoration site.  Estuaries 25: 1174-1183.

Zedler, J. B., and J. C. Callaway.  2003.  Adaptive restoration: A strategic approach for integrating research into restoration projects. Pp. 167-174 in
D. J. Rapport, W. L.  Lasley, D. E. Rolston, N. O. Nielsen, C. O. Qualset, and A. B. Damania, eds.  Managing for Healthy Ecosystems.  Lewis Publishers,
Boca Raton, Florida. 

Zedler, J. B.  2003.  Wetlands at your service:  Reducing impacts of agriculture at the watershed scale. Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 1:65-72. 

Ward, K. M., J. C. Callaway, and J. B. Zedler.  2003.  Episodic colonization of an intertidal mudflat by a native cordgrass (Spartina foliosa) at
Tijuana Estuary.  Estuaries 26:116-130

Lindig-Cisneros, R., J. Desmond, K. Boyer, and J. B. Zedler.  2003.  Wetland restoration thresholds: Can a degradation transition be reversed
with increased effort?  Ecological Applications 13:193-205. 

Miller, R. C., and J. B. Zedler.  2003.  Responses of native and invasive wetland plants to hydroperiod and water depth.  Plant Ecology 167:57-69.

Zedler, J. B., H. N. Morzaria-Luna, and K. Ward.  2003. The challenge of restoring vegetation on tidal, hypersaline substrates.  Plant and Soil 253:259-273. 

Maurer, D. A., R. Lindig-Cisneros, K. J. Werner, S. Kercher, R. Miller, and J. B. Zedler.  2003.  The replacement of wetland vegetation by
Phalaris arundinacea
(reed canary grass).  Ecological Restoration 21:116-119.

West, J., Williams, G., Madon, S. P., and Zedler, J. B.  2003Integrating spatial and temporal variability into the analysis of fish food web linkages
in Tijuana Estuary. Environmental Biology of Fishes 67:297-309.

Meyer, J. L., L. A. Kaplan, D. Newbold, D. L. Strayer, C. J. Woltemade, J. B. Zedler, R. Beilfuss, Q. Carpenter, R. Semlitsch, M. C. Watzin, and P. H.
Zedler.  2003.  Where rivers are born: The scientific imperative for defending small streams and wetlands.  White paper.  The Sierra Club, Washington, D. C.

Callaway, J. C., G. Sullivan, and J. B. Zedler.  2003. Species-rich plantings increase biomass and nitrogen accumulation in a wetland restoration experiment. 
Ecological Applications

Kercher, S. M., C. B. Frieswyk, and J. B. Zedler.  2003. Effects of sampling teams and estimation methods on the assessment of plant cover.  Journal
of Vegetation Science

Kercher, S. M., and J. B. Zedler.  2004.  Multiple disturbances accelerate invasion of reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) in a mesocosm study. 

Zedler, J. B.  2004.  Compensatory mitigation for damages to wetlands:  Can net losses be reduced?  Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Arts,
Letters and Sciences

Callaway, J. C. and J. B. Zedler.  2004.  Restoration of urban salt marshes: Lessons from southern California. Urban Ecosystems 7:107-124.

Morzaria-Luna, H., J. C. Callaway, G. Sullivan and J. B. Zedler. 2004.  Relationship between topographic heterogeneity and vegetation patterns in
a Californian salt-marsh.  Journal of Vegetation Science.15:523-530.

Kercher, S. M., Q. Carpenter, and J. B. Zedler.  2004.  Interrelationships of hydrologic disturbances, reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea L.), and
native plants in Wisconsin wet meadows.  Natural Areas Journal 24:316-325.

Zedler, J. B., and S. Kercher.  2004. Causes and consequences of invasive plants in wetlands:  Opportunities, opportunists, and outcomes Critical
Reviews in Plant Sciences

Kercher, S. M., and J. B. Zedler.  2004.  Flood tolerance in wetland angiosperms: a comparison of invasive and noninvasive species.  Aquatic Botany

Zedler, J. B. 2004. Compensating for wetland losses in the United States. In M. M. Rehfisch,  C. F. Feare, N. V. Jones, and C. Spray, eds. Climate
Change and Coastal Birds
. Ibis 146 (Suppl. 1): S92-S100.

Zedler, J. B. 2005.  Restoring wetland plant diversity:  A comparison of existing and adaptive approaches.  Wetlands Ecology and Management 13:5-14.

Fellows, M.  and J. B. Zedler. 2005.  Effects of the non-native grass, Parapholis incurva (Poaceae), on the rare and endangered hemiparasite,
Cordylanthus maritimus
subsp. maritimus (Scrophulariaceae).  Madroño 52:91-98.

Zedler, J. B.  2005.  Restoration ecology: Principles from field tests of theory.  San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science. On line at:

Zedler, J. B.  2005.  How compatible are biodiversity and ecosystem-service restoration goals?  National Wetlands Newsletter 27(6):1,11-13,19.

Herr-Turoff, A., and J. B. Zedler. 2005.  Does wet prairie vegetation retain more nitrogen with or without Phalaris  invasion.  Plant and Soil 277:19-34. 

Lindig-Cisneros, R. y J. B. Zedler. La restauración de humedales. 2005.  Pp. 201-213 In: Sánchez, Ó., E. Peters, R. Márquez-Huitzil, E. Vega, G. Portales, M.
Valdés y D. Azuara, eds. Temas Sobre Restauración ecológica.  Instituto Nacional de Ecología-Semarnat. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Unidos para la
Conservación.  México, D. F.

Wallace, K.J., J.C. Callaway, and J.B. Zedler.  2005. Evolution of tidal creek networks in a high sedimentation environment: A 5-year experiment at
Tijuana Estuary, California. Estuaries 28:795-811.

Zedler, J. B., and S. Kercher.  2005. Wetland resources:  Status, ecosystem services, degradation, and restorability.   Annual Review of Environment and
30:39-74.  Annual Reviews, Palo Alto, CA.

O’Brien, E., and J. B. Zedler.  2006. Accelerating the restoration of vegetation in a southern California salt marsh.  Wetlands Ecology and Management

Larkin, D. J., G. Vivian-Smith, and J. B. Zedler.  2006. Topographic heterogeneity theory and ecological restoration.  Pp. 144-164 In: Falk, D., M. Palmer, and
J. B. Zedler, eds.  Foundations of Restoration Ecology.  Island Press, Washington, D.C. 

Falk, D., M. Palmer, and J. B. Zedler, eds. 2006. Foundations of Restoration Ecology.  Island Press. Washington, D.C. 

Palmer, M. A., D. A. Falk, and J. B. Zedler.  2006.  Ecological theory and restoration ecology. Pps 1-10 In: Falk, D., M. Palmer, and J. B. Zedler, eds. 
Foundations of Restoration Ecology
.  Island Press, Washington D.C.

Falk, D. A., M. A. Palmer, and J. B. Zedler. 2006.  Integrating restoration ecology and ecological theory: A synthesis. Pp. 341-345 In: Falk, D., M. Palmer, and
J. B. Zedler, eds.  Foundations of Restoration Ecology.  Island Press. Washington D.C.

Peach, M. A. and J. B. Zedler.  2006.  How tussocks structure sedge meadow vegetation.  Wetlands 26:  322-335.

Boers, A., C. Frieswyk, J. Verhoeven and J. Zedler.  2006. Chapter 10:  Contrasting approaches to the restoration of diverse vegetation in herbaceous
wetlands. Pp. 225-246 in R. Bobbink,
B. Beltman, J J.T.A. Verhoeven, and D.F. Whigham, eds. Wetlands as a natural resource, Vol. 2. Wetlands:
functioning, biodiversity conservation and restoration
.  Springer Verlag.

Zedler, J.  2006.  Wetland restoration. Pp. 348-406 in D. P. Batzer and R. R. Sharitz, eds.  Ecology of Freshwater and estuarine wetlands.  Elsevier,
Inc., San Diego.

Frieswyk, C. B., and J. B. Zedler. 2006.  Do Seed Banks Confer Resilience to Coastal Wetlands Invaded by Typha x glauca? Canadian Journal of

Callaway, J. C., K. W. Wallace and J. B. Zedler. 2006.  Reply to comment on our paper Evolution of tidal creek networks in a high sedimentation environment:
a 5-year experiment at Tijuana Estuary, California.  Estuaries and Coasts 29:1268-1269.

Boers, A., R. Veltman, and J. B. Zedler. 2007.  Typha x glauca dominance and extended hydroperiod constrain restoration of wetland diversity.  Ecological

Morzaria-Luna, H., and J. B. Zedler. 2007.  Does seed availability limit plant establishment during salt marsh restoration?  Estuaries 30:12-25.

Frieswyk, C. B., and J. B. Zedler. 2007.  Vegetation change in Great Lakes coastal wetlands: Deviation from the historical cycle. Journal of Great Lakes

Kercher, S. M., A. Herr-Turoff, and J B. Zedler. 2007. Understanding invasion as a process: The case of Phalaris arundinacea in wet prairies. 
Biological Invasions 9:657-665.

Zedler, J. B. 2007.  Success:  An unclear, subjective descriptor of restoration outcomes.  Ecological Restoration 25:162-168.

Wilcox, J. C., M. T. Healy and J. B. Zedler.  2007.  Restoring native vegetation to an urban wet meadow dominated by reed canarygrass (Phalaris
L.) in Wisconsin, USA. Natural Areas Journal 27:354-365.

Sullivan, G., J. Callaway and J. B. Zedler. 2007. Plant assemblage composition explains and predicts how biodiversity affects salt marsh functioning
Ecological Monographs

Herr-Turoff, A. and J. B. Zedler.  2007. Does morphological plasticity of the Phalaris arundinacea canopy increase invasiveness?  Plant Ecology

Zedler, J. B. and J. M. West. 2008.  Declining diversity in natural and restored salt marshes:  A 30-year study of Tijuana Estuary.  Restoration Ecology 

Frieswyk, C. B., C. Johnston, and J. B. Zedler. 2008. Quantifying and qualifying dominance in vegetation.  Journal of Great Lakes Research 33
(Special Issue 3):125-135.

Adam, P., M. D. Bertness, A. J. Davy, and J. B. Zedler.  2008.  Saltmarsh.  Pp. 157-171 in N. Polunin, ed. Aquatic ecosystems.  Cambridge University Press.

Johnston, C.A., B. Bedford, M. Bourdaghs, T. Brown, C. B. Frieswyk, M. Tulbure, L. Vaccaro, and J. B. Zedler. 2008.  Plant species indicators of physical
environment in Great Lakes coastal wetlands. Journal of Great Lakes Research 33 (Special Issue 3):106-124.

Johnston, C.A., D. Ghioca, M. Tulbure, SB. L. Bedford, M. Bourdaghs, C. B. Frieswyk, L. Vacaro, and J. B. Zedler.  2008.  Partitioning vegetation response to
anthropogenic stress to develop multi-taxa indicators of wetland condition.  Ecological Applications 18:983-1001.

Varty, A., and J. B. Zedler.  2008. How waterlogged microsites help an annual plant persist among salt marsh perennials.  Estuaries and Coasts  31:300-312.

Stiles, C. A., B. Bemis, and J. B. Zedler.  2008.  Evaluating edaphic conditions favoring reed canary grass invasion in a restored native prairie.  Ecological

Zedler, J. B., and K. Potter. 2008. Southern Wisconsin’s Herbaceous Wetlands:   Their Recent History and Precarious Future. Pages 193-210 in The
vanishing present
.  D. Waller and T. Rooney, eds.  University of Chicago  Press.

Larkin, D. J., S. P. Madon, J. M. West and J. B. Zedler. 2008. Topographic heterogeneity influences fish use of an experimentally-restored tidal marsh.
Ecological Applications

Zedler, J. B., C. L. Bonin, D. J. Larkin, and A. Varty. 2008.  Salt marshes.  Pages 3132-3141 in Sven Erik Jorgensen & Brian D. Fath, 2008.
Encyclopedia of Ecology
, 1st Edition, Elsevier B.V., Oxford.

Boers, A. M., and J. B. Zedler.  2008. Stabilized water levels and Typha invasiveness. Wetlands 28: 676-685.

Wagner, K., S. K. Gallagher, M. Hayes, B. A. Lawrence, and J. B. Zedler. 2008. Wetland restoration in the new millennium: Do research efforts
match opportunities? Restoration Ecology  16: 367-372.

Hall, S. J., R. A. Lindig-Cisneros and J. B. Zedler.  2008.  Does harvesting sustain plant diversity in Central Mexican wetlands?  Wetlands 28:776-792.

Peterson, C. H., K. W. Able, C. F. DeJong, M. F. Piehler, C. A. Simenstad, and J. B. Zedler.  In press, 2008.  Practical proxies for tidal marsh
ecosystem services: Application to injury and restoration.  Advances In Marine Biology.

Callaway, J. C., and J. B. Zedler.  In press. Salt marsh conservation along the leading edge of the continent.  In B. Silliman, M. Bertness, and D. Strong.  
Anthropogenic Modification of North American Salt Marshes
. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.  

Zedler, J. B.  In press. Feedbacks that might sustain natural, invaded and restored states in herbaceous wetlands.  Chapter 16 in R. Hobbs and K. N.
Suding, eds., New models for ecosystem dynamics and restoration, Island Press, Washington, D.C.

Bonin, C. L., and J. B. Zedler. In press. Plant traits and plasticity help explain abundance ranks in a California salt marsh. Estuaries and Coasts.

Hall, S. J., and J. B. Zedler.  In press.  Constraints on sedge meadow self-restoration in urban wetlands.  Restoration Ecology.


Last updated: September 12, 2008

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