Journal Articles


Amatangelo, K.L., S.E. Johnson, D.A. Rogers, and D M. Waller. 2014. Trait-environment relationships remain strong despite fify years of trait compositional change in temperate forests. Ecology 95: 1780-1791.

Frerker, K.L., A. Sabo, and D.M. Waller. Deer impacts on forests: Linking local experiments to long-term regional changes. In revision for PLoS-ONE.

Haynes, M.A., K-J.S. Kung, J.S. Brandt, Y. Yongping, and D.M. Waller. 2014. Accelerated climate change and its impact on yak herding livelihoods in the eastern Tibetan Plateau. Climate Change 123: 147-160. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-013-1043-6.

Li, D., and D.M. Waller. 2014. Drivers of observed biotic homogenization in the pine barrens of central Wisconsin. In press, Ecology.

Moeller, J., N. Moehn, D.M. Waller, and T.J. Givnish. 2014. Paramagnetic cellulose DNA isolation improves DNA yield and quality among diverse plant taxa. Applications in Plant Sciences 2: 1400048.

Sonnier, G., S.E. Johnson, K.L. Amatangelo, D.A. Rogers, and D.M. Waller. 2014. Is taxonomic homogenization linked to functional homogenization in temperate forests? In press, Global Ecology and Biogeography.

Williams, E.W. and D.M. Waller. 2014. Tracking morphological change and demographic dynamics in ephemeral Botrychium s.s. (Ophioglossaceae) populations. In press, Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society.


Brandt, J.S., M.A. Haynes, T. Kuemmerle, D.M. Waller, and V.C. Radeloff. 2013. Regime shift on the roof of the world: Alpine meadows converting to shrublands in the southern Himalayas. Biological Conservation 158: 116-127.  DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2012.07.026.

De Frenne P., F. Rodríguez-Sánchez, D.A. Coomes, L. Baeten, G. Verstraeten, M. Vellend, M. Bernhardt-Römermann, C.D. Brown, J. Brunet, J. Cornelis, G.M. Decocq, H. Dierschke, O. Eriksson, F.S. Gilliam, R. Hédl, T. Heinken, M. Hermy, P. Hommel, M.A. Jenkins, D.L. Kelly, K.J. Kirby, F.J. Mitchell, T. Naaf, M. Newman, G. Peterken, P. Petrík, J. Schultz, G. Sonnier, H. Van Calster, D.M. Waller, G.R. Walther, P.S. White, K.D. Woods, M. Wulf, B.J. Graae, and K. Verheyen. 2013. Microclimate moderates plant responses to macroclimate warming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 110(46):18561-5. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1311190110.

Frerker, K., G. Sonnier, and D.M. Waller. 2013. Browsing rates and ratios provide reliable indices of ungulate impacts on forest plant communities. Forest Ecology and Management 291: 55-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2012.11.041.

Hayes, M.A., Z.D. Fang, and D.M. Waller. 2013. Grazing impacts on the diversity and composition of alpine rangelands in northwest Yunnan. Journal of Plant Ecology. DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rts021.

Johnson, S.E., E.L. Mudrak, and D.M. Waller. 2013. Local increases in diversity accompany community homogenization in floodplain forest understories. Journal of Vegetation Science 25(3): 885-896. DOI: 10.1111/jvs.12147.

Johnson, S.E., and D.M. Waller. 2013. Influence of dam regulation on 55-year canopy shifts in riparian forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 43: 159-170. DOI: 10.1139/cjfr-2012-0390.

Waller, D.M., and L.I. Mass. 2013. Do white-tailed deer and the exotic plant, garlic mustard, interact to affect the growth and persistence of native forest plants? Forest Ecology and Management 304: 296-302. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.05.011.


Bai, C., W.S. Alverson, A. Follansbee, and D.M. Waller. 2012. New reports of nuclear DNA content for 407 vascular plant taxa from the United States. Annals of Botany 110: 1623-1629. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcs222.

Crall, A.W., R. Jordan, K. Holfelder, G.J. Newman, J. Graham, and D.M. Waller. 2012. The impacts of an invasive species citizen science training program on participant attitudes, behavior, and science literacy. Public Understanding of Science doi:10.1177/0963662511434894.

Hansen, M., I. Olivieri, D.M. Waller, and E.E. Nielsen. 2012. Monitoring adaptive genetic responses to environmental change. Molecular Ecology 21: 1305-1538. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05463.x

Waller, D.M., K. Amatangelo, S. Johnson, and D.A. Rogers. 2012. Wisconsin Vegetation Database - Plant community survey and resurvey data from the Wisconsin Plant Ecology Laboratory. Biodiversity and Ecology 4: 255-264. DOI: 10.7809/b-e.00082.

Williams, E.W., and D.M. Waller. 2012. Phylogenetic placement of species within the genus Botrychium s.s. (Ophioglossaceae) on the basis of plastid sequences, amplified fragment length polymorphisms, and flow cytometry. International Journal of Plant Sciences Vol. 173(5): 516-531. DOI: 10.1086/664711.


Amatangelo, K.L., M.R. Fulton, D.A. Rogers, and D.M. Waller. 2011. Convergence inforest community composition along an edaphic gradient threatens landscape-level diversity. Diversity and Distributions 17: 201-213.

Crall, A.W. 2011. Developing and Evaluating a National Citizen Science Program for Invasive Species. PhD Dissertation.

Crall, A.W., R. Jordan, K. Holfelder, G.J. Newman, J. Graham, and D.M. Waller. 2011. The impacts of an invasive species citizen science training program on participant attitudes, behavior, and science literacy. Public Understanding of Science. DOI: 10.1177/0963662511434894.

Crall, A.W., G.J. Newman, T.J. Stohlgren, K.A. Holfelder, J. Graham, and D.M. Waller. 2011. Assessing citizen science data quality: An invasive species case study. Conservation Letters DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2011.00196.

Klionsky, S.M., K.L. Amantangelo, and D.M. Waller. 2011. Above- and below-ground impacts of European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) on four native forbs. Restoration Ecology Vol. 19(6): 728–737. DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2010.00727.

Stetz, J.B., K.C. Kendall, et al.  2011.  Genetic monitoring for managers:  A new online resource. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 2: 216-219.

Waller, D.M., K.L. Amatangelo, S. Johnson, and D.A. Rogers. 2011. Plant community survey and resurvey data from the Wisconsin Plant Ecology Laboratory. Biodiversity and Ecology.

Wright, S.D., and D.M. Waller. 2011. 2011. Ecotypic variation and plasticity in populations of Lupinus perennis, hostplant of the Karner Blue Butterfly. Ecological Restoration.

Waller, D.M. 2011. Review of A Natural History of the New World: The Ecology and Evolution of Plants in the Americas, by A. Graham, Univ. of Chicago Press. Quarterly Review of Biology 86: 357-358.


Cole, C.T., J.E. Anderson, R.W. Lindroth and D.M. Waller. 2010. Rising concentrations of atmospheric CO2 have increased growth in natural stands of quaking aspens (Populus tremuloides). Global Change Biology 16: 2186–2197. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02103.x.

Crall, A.W., G.J. Newman, C.S. Jarnevich, T.J. Stohlgren, D.M. Waller, and J. Graham. 2010. Improving and integrating data on invasive species collected by citizen scientists. Biological Invasions. DOI 10.1007/s10530-010-9740-9.

Klionsky, S.M., K.L. Amatangelo, and D.M. Waller. 2010. Above- and below-ground impacts of European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) on four native forbs. Restoration Ecology. DOi: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2010.00727.x

Kuemmerle, T., K. Perzanowski, O. Chaskovskyy, K. Ostapowicz, L. Halada, A-T. Bashta, I. Kruhlov, P. Hostert, D.M. Waller, and V.C. Radeloff. 2010. European bison habitat in the Carpathian mountains. Biological Conservation 143: 908-916.

Kuemmerle, T., K. Perzanowski, H. ResitAkçakaya, F. Beaudry, T.R. Van Deelen, I. Parnikoza, P. Khoyetskyy, D.M. Waller and V.C. Radeloff. 2011. Cost-effectiveness of strategies to establish a European bison metapopulation in the Carpathians. Journal of Applied Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01954.x.

Kuemmerle, T., V.C. Radeloff, K. Perzanowski, P. Kozlo, T. Sipko, P. Khoyetskyy, A-T. Bashta, E. Chikurova, I. Parnikoza, L. Baskin, P Angelstam, and D.M. Waller. 2010. Predicting potential European bison habitat across its former range. Ecological Applications.

Laikre, L., M. K. Schwartz, R. S. Waples, N. Ryman, and The GeM Working Group. 2010. Compromising genetic diversity in the wild: Unmonitored large-scale release of plants and animals. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25: 520-529. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2010.06.013.


Gibson, T.C., and D.M. Waller. 2009. Evolving Darwin's "most wonderful plant": An ecological scenario for evolving snap-traps. New Phytologist 183: 575–587. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02935.x.

Laikre, L., F. Allendorf, L. Aroner, C.S. Baker, D. Gregovich, M. Hansen, J. Jackson, K. Kendall, K. McKelvey, M. Neel, I. Olivieri, N. Ryman, M. Schwartz, R. Short Bull, J. Stetz, D. Tallmon, B. Taylor, C. Vojta, D. Waller, and R. Waples. 2009. Genetic diversity is neglected in implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity. Conservation Biology 23: 1378-1381. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01425.x

Mudrak, E.L., S E. Johnson and D.M. Waller. 2009. Forty-seven year changes in vegetation at the Apostle Island: Effects of deer on forest understory. Natural Areas Journal 29:167-176.

Rogers, D.A., T.P. Rooney, T. Hawbaker, V. Radeloff, and D.M. Waller. 2009. Paying the extinction debt in southern Wisconsin forest understories. Conservation Biology 23: 1497-1506. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01256.x


Rogers, D.A., T.P. Rooney, D. Olson, and D.M. Waller. 2008. Shifts in southern Wisconsin forest canopy and understory richness, composition, and heterogeneity. Ecology 89(9): 2482-2492.

Rooney, T.P. 2008. Comparison of co-occurrence structure of temperate forest herb-layer communities in 1949 and 2000. Acta Oecologica.

Kraszewski, S.E. and D.M. Waller. 2008. Fifty-five year changes in species composition on dry prairie remnants in south-central Wisconsin. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 135(2): 236-243.

Waller, D.M., J. Dole, and A J. Bersch. 2008. Effects of stress and phenotypic variation on inbreeding depression in Brassica rapa. Evolution 62(4): 917–931. DOI: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2008.00325.x

Johnson, S.E., E.L. Mudrak, E.A. Beever, S. Sanders, and D.M. Waller. 2008. Comparing power among three sampling methods for monitoring forest vegetation. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38: 143-156. DOI: 10.1139/X07-121.


Steven, J.C., and D.M. Waller. 2007. Isolation affects reproductive success in low-density but not high-density populations of two wind-pollinated Thalictrum species. Plant Ecology 190: 131-141. DOI 10.1007/s11258-006-9196-2.

Stevens, M.T., D.M. Waller, and R.L. Lindroth. 2007. Resistance and tolerance in Populus tremuloides: genetic variation, costs, and environmental dependency. Evolutionary Ecology. 21: 829-847. DOI: 10.1007/s10682-006-9154-4.


Olden, J.D. and T.P. Rooney. 2006. On defining and quantifying biotic homogenization. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 15: 113-120.

Waller, D.M. 2006. Re-visioning conservation (a review of Dave Foreman's Rewilding North America, Island Press. Conservation Biology. 20: 587-588.

Waller, D.M. 2006. Tracking plant diversity across forest landscapes: Indicators and drivers. Invited paper, IUCN UNESCO conference Biodiversity–Science and Governance, Paris, Jan. 2005. (

Waller, D.M. 2006. White-tailed deer impacts and the challenge of managing a hyperabundant herbivore. In A.J. Gaston, T.E. Golumbia, J.-L. Martin, and S.T. Sharpe, eds. Lessons from the Islands: introduced species and what they tell us about how ecosystems work. Proceedings from the Research Group on Introduced Species 2002 Symposium, Queen Charlotte City, Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. Canadian Wildlife Service Special Publication, Environment Canada, Ottawa.

Wiegmann, S.M., and D.M. Waller. 2006. Biotic homogenization in forest understories: Identity and traits of historical “winners” and “losers.”  Biological Conservation 129: 109-123.

Weigmann, S.M. and D.M. Waller. 2006. Fifty years of change in in northern upland forest understories: Identity and traits of "winners" and "loser" plant species. Biological Conservation. 129:109-123.


Lu, Y., D.M. Waller, and P. David. 2005. Genetic variability is correlated with population size and reproduction in American wild-rice (Zinzania palustris var. palustris, Poaceace) populations. 2005. American Journal of Botany. 92: 990-997. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.92.6.990.

Waller, D.M. 2005. Tracking plant diversity across forest landscapes: Indicators and drivers. Invited paper, UNESCO conference Biodiversity–Science and Governance, Paris, Jan. 2005.


Côté, S. D., T. P. Rooney, J.-P. Tremblay, C. Dussault and D.M. Waller. 2004. Ecological impacts of deer overabundance. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Evol. System. 35: 113-147.

LaRosa, R.J., D.A. Rogers, T.P. Rooney, and D.M. >Waller. 2004. Does steeplebush (Spiraea tomentosa) facilitate the pollination of Virginia meadow beauty (Rhexia virginica)? Michigan Botanist 43: 57-63.

Rooney, T.P., D.A. Rogers, S.M. Wiegmann, and D.M. Waller. 2004. Monitoring non-native plant invasions over 50 years in Wisconsin forests. Weed Technology. 18: 1266-1268.

Rooney, T.P., S.M. Wiegmann, D.A. Rogers and D.M. Waller. 2004. Biotic impoverishment and homogenization in unfragmented forest understory communities. Conservation Biology 18: 787-798.

Schoennagel, T., D.M. Waller, M.G. Turner, and W.H. Romme.  2004. The influence of fire interval on postfire understory communities in Yellowstone National Park USA. J. Veget. Science 15: 797-806

Steven, J.C. and D.M. Waller. 2004. Reproductive alternatives to insect pollination in four species of Thalictrum (Ranunculaceae). Plant Species Biology 19:73-80.

Waller, D.M. and T.P. Rooney. 2004. Nature is changing in more ways than one. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 19: 6-7.


Boyle, O.D., E.S. Menges, and D.M. Waller. 2003. Dances with fire: Tracking meta-population dynamics for Polygonella basiramia in Florida scrub (USA). 2003. Folia Geobotanica 38: 255-262.

Rooney, T. P. and K. Gross. 2003. A demographic study of deer browsing impacts on Trillium grandiflorum. Plant Ecology 168: 267-277.

Rooney, T. P. and D. M. Waller. 2003. Direct and indirect effects of deer in forest ecosystems. Forest Ecology & Management 181: 165-176.

Stevens, J.C. T.P. Rooney, O.D. Boyle, and D. M. Waller. 2003. Density- dependent pollinator visitation and self-incompatibility in upper Great Lakes populations of Trillium grandiflorum. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 130: 23-29.


Keller, L. & D.M. Waller. 2002. Inbreeding effects in wild populations. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17: 230-241.

Rooney, T. P. and D. A. Rogers. 2002. The modified floristic quality index. Natural Areas Journal 22: 340-344.

Rooney, T. P., S. L. Solheim and D. M. Waller. 2002. Factors influencing the regeneration of northern white cedar in lowland forests of the Upper Great Lakes region, USA. Forest Ecology & Management. 163: 119-130.

Waller, D.M. 2002. Evolution evolves. Evolution 59(1): i-iv.


Barry G.R., T.P. Rooney, S.J. Ventura, and D.M. Waller. 2001. Evaluation of biodiversity value based on wildness: A study of the western Northwoods, Upper Great Lakes, USA. Natural Areas Journal 21: 229-242

Rooney, T., D. Waller and S. Wiegmann. 2001. Revisiting the Northwoods – a lesson in biotic homogenization. Wild Earth 11: 45-49.

Rooney, T. P. 2001. Deer impacts on forest ecosystems: a North American perspective. Forestry 74: 201-208.

Rooney, T. P. and D. M. Waller. 2001. How experimental defoliation and leaf height affect growth and reproduction in Trillium grandiflorum. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 128: 393-399.

Stevens, M.T., M.G. Turner, G.A. Tuskan, W.H. Romme, L.E. Gunter, and D.M. Waller. 2001. Within-Site genetic variation is negatively correlated with average stem diameter in post-fire Yellowstone aspen seedlings. Aspen Bibliography. Paper 488. (


Bennett, J.P., E. Chiriboga, J. Coleman, D.M. Waller. 2000. Heavy metals in wild rice from northern Wisconsin. The Science of the Total Environment. 246: 261-269.

Callahan, H.S. and D.M. Waller. 2000. Phenotypic integration and the plasticity of integration in an amphicarpic annual. International Journal of Plant Sciences 161: 89-98.

Rooney, T. P., C. Antolik and M. D. Moran. 2000. The impact of salamander predation on Collembola abundance. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 102: 308-312.

Rooney, T.P., R. J. McCormick, S. L. Solheim, and D. M. Waller. 2000. Regional variation in recruitment of eastern hemlock seedlings and saplings in the Upper Great Lakes, USA. Ecological Applications 10: 1119-1132


Borgmann, K.L., D.M. Waller, and T.P. Rooney.  1999. Does Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea) facilitate the recruitment of Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)?  American Midland Naturalist 141: 391-397

Byers, D. and D.M. Waller. 1999. Do plant populations purge their genetic load?  Effects of population size and mating history on inbreeding depression. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30: 479-513.

Schoennagel, T. and D.M. Waller. 1999. Understory responses to high-intensity fire and artificial seeding in an eastern Cascades grand fir forest, USA. Canadian J. Forest Research 29: 1393-1401.

Stevens, M.T., M.G. Turner, G.A. Tuskan, W.H. Romme, L. Gunter, and D.M. Waller.  1999. Genetic variation in postfire aspen seedlings in Yellowstone National Park. Molecular Ecology 8: 1769-1780


Meffe, G.K., P.D. Boersma, D.D. Murphy, B.R. Noon, H.R. Pulliam, M.E. Soulé, and D.M. Waller. 1998. Independent scientific review in natural resource management: A statement by the Society for Conservation Biology. Conservation Biology 12:268-270.

Rooney, T.P. 1998. The role of community conservation in the Appalachian restoration campaign. 1996 Central Appalachian ecological integrity conference. N. P. Hitt. Massanetta Springs, VA, The Appalachian Restoration Campaign: 100-108.

Rooney, T.P. and D.M. Waller. 1998. Local and regional variation in hemlock seedling establishment in forests of the upper Great Lakes region, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 111: 211-224.

Waller, D.M. 1998. Review of Applied population ecology: Principles and computer exercises using RAMAS EcoLab 1.0. Quarterly Review of Biology 73: 380-381.

Waller, D.M. 1998. Getting back to the right nature: A reply to Cronon’s The Trouble with Wilderness. The Great New Wilderness Debate. J. B. Callicott and M. P. Nelson. Athens, GA, Univ. of Georgia Press: 540-567.


Alverson, W. S. and D. M. Waller. 1997. Deer populations and the widespread failure of hemlock regeneration in northern forests. The Science of Overabundance: Deer Ecology and Population Management. W. J. McShea, H. B. Underwood and J. H. Rappole. Washington DC, Smithsonian Institution Press: 280-297.

Rooney, T. P. and W. J. Dress 1997. Species loss over sixty six years in the ground-layer vegetation of Heart's Content, an old growth forest in Pennsylvania, USA. Nat. Areas J. 17: 297-305.

Waller, D. M. and W. S. Alverson 1997. The white-tailed deer: a keystone herbivore. Wildlife Society Bulletin 25: 217-226.

Waller, D. M. 1996. Wilderness redux: Can biodiversity play a role? Wild Earth, Winter 1996/97: 36-45.

Waller, D. M. 1996. Biodiversity as a basis for conservation efforts. Biodiversity and the law. W. Snape. Washington, D.C., Island Press: 16-32.


Balgooyen, C.P., and D.M. Waller. 1995. The use of Clintonia and other indicators to gauge the impacts of white-tailed deer on plant communities in northern Wisconsin. Natural Areas Journal 15: 308-318.

Rooney, T. P. 1995. Restoring landscape diversity and old growth to Pennsylvania's northern hardwood forests. Natural Areas Journal 15: 274-278.


McCall, C., D.M. Waller, and T. Mitchell-Olds. 1994. Effects of serial inbreeding on fitness components in Impatiens capensis. Evolution 48: 818-827


Uyenoyama, M.K., K.E. Holsinger, and D.M. Waller. 1993. Ecological and genetic factors directing the evolution of self-fertilization. Oxford Surveys in Evolutionary Biology 9: 327-381.

Waller, D.M. 1993. How does mast-fruiting get started? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8: 122-123.

Waller, D. 1993. Wisconsin's Scientific Roundtable: Uniting research and management. Inner Voice 5(3): 13.


Alverson, W.S. and D.M. Waller 1992. Is is un-biocentric to manage? Wild Earth 2(4): 9-10.

Waller, D.M. 1992. Priorities for plants. Review of Genetics and Conservation of Rare Plants, D.A. Falk and K.E. Holsinger, eds. Science 256: 1055-1056.


McCall, C., T. Mitchell-Olds, and D. Waller.  1991.  The distance between mates affects seedling characters in a population of Impatiens capensis (Balsaminaceae).  Amer. J. Bot. 78: 964-970

Uyenoyama, M.K., and D.M. Waller. 1991.  Coevolution of self-fertilization and inbreeding depression  III. Homozygous lethal mutations at multiple loci.  Theoretical Population Biology 40: 173-210.

Uyenoyama, M.K., and D.M. Waller.  1991.  Coevolution of self-fertilization and inbreeding depression  II.  Symmetric overdominance in viability.  Theoretical Population Biology 40: 47-77.

Uyenoyama, M.K., and D.M. Waller.  1991.  Coevolution of self-fertilization and inbreeding depression  I.  Mutation-selection balance in haploids and diploids.  Theoretical Population Biology 40: 14-46.

Waller, D. M. 1991. Introduction. Landscape Linkages and Biodiversity. W. E. Hudson. Washington, D.C., Island Press: 3-13.


McCall, C., T. Mitchell-Olds, and D.M. Walle. 1989. Fitness consequences of outcrossing in Impatiens capensis: Tests of the frequency dependent and sib competition hypotheses. Evolution 43: 1075-1084.

Waller, D.M. 1989. Evolution mechanisms. Review of Mutation, Develpmental Selection, and Plant Evolution by E.J. Klekowski, Jr., Columbia University Press, New York. Science 243: 676-677.

Waller, D.M. and S.E. Knight. 1989. Genetic consequences of outcrossing in the Cleistogamous annual, Impatiens capensis. II. Outcrossing rates and genotypic Correlations. Evolution. 43: 860-869.

Waller, D.M., and S.E. Knight. 1989. Genetic consequences of outcrossing in the cleistogamous annual, Impatiens capensis. III. Multilocus associations. Heredity 63: 1-9.


Alverson, W.S., D.M. Waller, and S.L. Solheim. 1988. Forests too deer: Edge Effects on northern Wisconsin. Conservation Biology 2: 348-358.

Waller, D.M. 1988. Sharing responsibility for conserving diversity: The complementary roles of conservation biologists and public land agencies. Cons. Biol. 2(4): 398-401.


Waller, D.M., D.M. O’Malley, and S.C. Gawler. 1987. Genetic variation in the extreme endemic Pedicularis furbishiae (Scrophulariaceae). Conservation Biology 1: 335-340.

Knight, S.E., and D.M. Waller. 1987. Genetic consequences of outcrossing in the cleistogamous annual Impatiens capensis. I. Population genetic structure.  Evolution 41: 969-997.

Gawler, S.C., D.M. Waller, and E.S. Menges. 1987. Environmental factors affecting establishment and growth of Pedicularis furbishiae, a rare endemic of the St. John River valley, Maine. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 114: 280-292.


Chung, J.C., and D.M. Waller. 1986. Ecological correlates of insect predation intensity on seeds of smooth sumac (Rhus glabra L.). American Midland Naturalist 116: 315-322.

Menges, E.S., D.M. Waller, and S.C. Gawler. 1986. Seed set and seed predation in Pedicularis furbishiae, a rare endemic of the St. John River, Maine. American Journal of Botany 73: 1168-1177.

Schnee, B.K., and D.M. Waller. 1986. Reproductive behavior of Amphicarpaea bracteata (Leguminosae), an amphicarpic annual. American Journal of Botany 73: 376-386

Steingraeber, D.A., and D.M. Waller. 1986. Nonstationarity of tree branching patterns and bifurcation ratios. Proc. Roy. Soc., London (B) 228: 187-194.

Waller, D. M. 1986. Is there disruptive selection for self-fertilization? American Naturalist. 128: 421-426.


Mitchell-Olds, T., and D.M. Waller. 1985. Relative performance of seedlings derived from cleistogamous and chasmogamous flowers in Impatiens capensis. Evolution. 39: 533-344.

D.M. Waller. 1985. The genesis of size hierarchies in seedling populations of Impatiens capensis. New Phytologist 100: 243-260.


Waller, D.M. 1984. Differences in fitness between seedlings derived from cleistogamous and chasmogamous flowers in Impatiens capensis. Evolution. 38: 427-440.

Waller, D.M. 1984. Niklas's simulations of branching in early land plants:  Canalization of parameters? Paleobiology 10: 115-117.


Madsen, J.D., and D.M. Waller. 1983. A note on the evolution of gamete dimorphism in algae. The American Naturalist. 121: 443-447.

Menges, E.S., and D.M. Waller. 1983. Plant strategies in relation to elevation and light in floodplain herbs. The American Naturalist. 122: 454-473.


Waller, D.M. 1982. Factors influencing seed weight in Impatiens capensis (Balsaminaceae).  American Journal of Botany 69: 1470-1475.


Waller, D.M. 1981. Neighborhood competition in several violet populations.  Oecologia 51: 116-122.

Waller, D.M. & D. Green. 1981. Implications of sex for the analysis of life histories. The American Naturalist. 117: 810-813.


Environmental determinants of outcrossing in the woodland annual, Impatiens capensis. Evolution 34: 747-761


Waller, D.M. 1979. Models of mast-fruiting in trees. J. Theoretical Biology 80: 223-232.

Waller, D.M. 1979. The relative cost of selfed and outcrossed seed in Impatiens capensis.  American Journal of Botany 66: 313-320.