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Family: Orchidaceae
  Genus: Amerorchis

    Amerorchis rotundifolia (Banks ex Pursh) Hultén*+
        round-leaved orchid, round-leaved orchis
             Orchis rotundifolia Banks ex Pursh
             Orchis rotundifolia Banks ex Pursh f. lineata (Mousley) E.G.Voss
             Orchis rotundifolia Banks ex Pursh var. lineata Mousley
             Ponerorchis rotundifolia (Banks ex Pursh) Soó
  Genus: Aplectrum

    Aplectrum hyemale (Muhl. ex Willd.) Torr.*+
        Adam-and-Eve, putty-root
             Aplectrum spicatum Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
             Cymbidium hyemale Muhl. ex Willd.
  Genus: Arethusa

    Arethusa bulbosa L.*+
        dragon's-mouth, swamp-pink
  Genus: Calopogon

    Calopogon oklahomensis D.H.Goldman+
        Oklahoma grass pink
    Calopogon tuberosus (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
        grass pink, tuberous grass pink
    Calopogon tuberosus (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. var. tuberosus *+
        grass pink, tuberous grass pink
             Calopogon pulchellus (Salisb.) R.Br.
             Calopogon pulchellus (Salisb.) R.Br. var. latifolius (H.St.John) Fernald
             Calopogon tuberosus (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. var. latifolius (H.St.John) B.Boivin
             Cathea pulchella Salisb.
             Cathea tuberosa (L.) Morong
             Cymbidium pulchellum (Salisb.) Sw.
             Helleborine tuberosa (L.) Kuntze
             Limodorum barbatum Lam.
             Limodorum pulchellum Salisb.
             Limodorum tuberosum L.
             Limodorum tuberosum L. var. nanum Nieuwl.
  Genus: Calypso

    Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes
        calypso orchid, fairy-slipper orchid
    Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes var. americana (R.Br.) Luer*+
        calypso orchid, fairy-slipper orchid
             Cytherea bulbosa (L.) House, pro parte
  Genus: Coeloglossum

    Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartm.
        long-bracted green orchid, frog orchid
    Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartm. var. virescens (Muhl.) Luer*+
        long-bracted green orchid, frog orchid
             Coeloglossum bracteatum (Muhl.) Parl.
             Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartm. subsp. bracteatum
             Habenaria bracteata (Muhl.) R.Br.
             Habenaria viridis (L.) R.Br. var. bracteata (Muhl.) A.Gray
             Orchis bracteata Muhl.
             Orchis virescens Muhl.
  Genus: Corallorhiza

    Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf.*+
        spotted coralroot, summer coralroot
    Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. maculata
        spotted coralroot, summer coralroot
             Cladorhiza maculata Raf.
             Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. f. maculata
             Corallorhiza multiflora Nutt.
             Corallorhiza multiflora Nutt. var. sulphurea Suksd.
    Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. occidentalis (Lindl.) Ames
        spotted coralroot, summer coralroot
             Corallorhiza leimbachiana Suksd.
             Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. f. flavida (M.Peck) Farw.
             Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. f. intermedia (Farw.) Farw.
             Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. f. punicea (Bartlett) Weath. & J.Adams
             Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. flavida (M.Peck) Cockerell
             Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. immaculata M.Peck
             Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. intermedia Farw.
             Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. punicea Bartlett
    Corallorhiza odontorhiza (Willd.) Poir.
        autumn coralroot, fall coralroot, late coralroot, small-flowered coralroot
             Corallorhiza micrantha Chapm.
             Cymbidium odontorhizon Willd.
    Corallorhiza odontorhiza (Willd.) Poir. var. odontorhiza *+
        autumn coralroot, fall coralroot, late coralroot, small-flowered coralroot
    Corallorhiza striata Lindl.
        hooded coralroot, striped coralroot
    Corallorhiza striata Lindl. var. striata *+
        hooded coralroot, striped coralroot
             Corallorhiza macraei A.Gray
    Corallorhiza trifida Châtel.*+
        early coralroot, northern coralroot, yellow coralroot
             Corallorhiza corallorhiza (L.) H.Karst.
             Corallorhiza innata R.Br.
             Corallorhiza innata R.Br. var. virescens Farr
             Corallorhiza trifida Châtel. var. trifida
             Corallorhiza trifida Châtel. var. verna (Nutt.) Fernald
             Corallorhiza trifida Châtel. var. virescens (Farr) Fernald
             Corallorhiza verna Nutt.
             Corallorhiza wyomingensis Hellm. & K.Hellm.
  Genus: Cypripedium

    Cypripedium acaule Aiton*+
        moccasin-flower, pink lady's-slipper, pink moccasin-flower, small pink lady's-slipper
             Cypripedium acaule Aiton f. albiflorum E.L.Rand & Redfield
             Fissipes acaulis (Aiton) Small
    Cypripedium arietinum R.Br.*+
        ram's-head, ram's-head lady's-slipper
             Criosanthes arietina (R.Br.) House
    Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Willd.*+
        small white lady's-slipper, white lady's-slipper
    Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb.+
        yellow lady's-slipper
             Cypripedium luteum Raf.
    Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. makasin (Farw.) Sheviak*+
        small yellow lady's-slipper
             Cypripedium calceolus L. var. parviflorum auct. mult.
             Cypripedium pubescens Willd. var. makasin Farw.
    Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. pubescens (Willd.) O.W.Knight*+
        large yellow lady's-slipper
             Cypripedium calceolus L. var. planipetalum (Fernald) Vict. & J.Rousseau
             Cypripedium calceolus L. var. pubescens (Willd.) Correll
             Cypripedium flavescens DC.
             Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. planipetalum Fernald
             Cypripedium planipetalum (Fernald) F.Morris & E.A.Eames
             Cypripedium pubescens Willd.
             Cypripedium veganum Cockerell, P.Barker & M.Barker
    Cypripedium reginae Walter*+
        queen lady's-slipper, showy lady's-slipper
             Cypripedium hirsutum Mill.
             Cypripedium reginae Walter f. albolabium Fernald & B.G.Schub.
             Cypripedium reginae Walter f. reginae
             Cypripedium spectabile Salisb.
    Cypripedium X andrewsii A.M.Fuller X +
        Andrews' lady's-slipper
             Cypripedium X andrewsii A.M.Fuller var. landonii (Garay) B.Boivin (pro nm.) X
    Cypripedium X favillianum J.T.Curtis X +
        lady's-slipper
             Cypripedium X andrewsii A.M.Fuller var. favillianum (J.T.Curtis) B.Boivin (pro nm.) X
  Genus: Epipactis

    Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz*+
        broad-leaved helleborine, helleborine, helleborine orchid
             Amesia latifolia (L.) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr.
             Epipactis latifolia (L.) All.
             Serapias helleborine L.
  Genus: Galearis

    Galearis spectabilis (L.) Raf.*+
        showy orchis
             Galeorchis spectabilis (L.) Rydb.
             Orchis spectabilis L.
  Genus: Goodyera

    Goodyera oblongifolia Raf.*+
        giant rattlesnake-plantain, Menzies's giant rattlesnake-plantain, western rattlesnake-plantain
             Epipactis decipiens (Hook.) Ames
             Goodyera decipiens (Hook.) F.T.Hubb.
             Goodyera oblongifolia Raf. var. reticulata B.Boivin
             Peramium decipiens (Hook.) Piper
    Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R.Br.*+
        downy rattlesnake-plantain
             Epipactis pubescens (Willd.) A.A.Eaton
             Neottia pubescens Willd.
             Peramium pubescens (Willd.) MacMill.
    Goodyera repens (L.) R.Br.*+
        creeping rattlesnake-plantain, lesser rattlesnake-plantain
             Epipactis repens (L.) Crantz var. ophioides (Fernald) A.A.Eaton
             Goodyera ophioides (Fernald) Rydb.
             Goodyera repens (L.) R.Br. subsp. ophioides
             Goodyera repens (L.) R.Br. var. ophioides Fernald
             Peramium ophioides (Fernald) Rydb.
             Peramium repens (L.) Salisb. var. ophioides (Fernald) A.Heller
             Satyrium repens L.
    Goodyera repens (L.) R.Br. X G. tesselata Lodd.+
             Goodyera repens (L.) R.Br. var. ophioides Fernald X G. tesselata Lodd.
    Goodyera tesselata Lodd.*+
        checkered rattlesnake-plantain, tesselated rattlesnake-plantain
             Epipactis tesselata (Lodd.) A.A.Eaton
             Peramium tesselatum (Lodd.) A.Heller
  Genus: Liparis

    Liparis liliifolia (L.) Rich. ex Lindl.*+
        brown wide-lip orchid, large twayblade, lily-leaved twayblade, mauve sleekwort, purple twayblade
             Leptorchis liliifolia (L.) Kuntze
             Liparis liliifolia (L.) Rich. ex Lindl. f. viridiflora Wadmond
             Malaxis correana W.P.C.Barton
             Malaxis liliifolia (L.) Sw.
             Malaxis longifolia W.P.C.Barton
             Ophrys liliifolia L.
             Ophrys trifolia Walter
    Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.*+
        fen orchid, green twayblade, Loesel's twayblade
             Leptorchis loeselii (L.) MacMill.
             Liparis correana (W.P.C.Barton) Spreng.
             Ophrys loeselii L.
  Genus: Listera

    Listera auriculata Wiegand*+
        auricled twayblade
             Bifolium auriculatum (Wiegand) Nieuwl.
             Neottia auriculata (Wiegand) Szlach.
             Ophrys auriculata (Wiegand) House
    Listera convallarioides (Sw.) Elliott*+
        broad-leaved twayblade
             Bifolium convallarioides (Sw.) Nieuwl.
             Diphryllum convallarioides (Sw.) Kuntze
             Epipactis convallarioides Sw.
             Listera eschscholziana Cham.
             Ophrys convallarioides (Sw.) W.Wight ex House
    Listera cordata (L.) R.Br.
        heart-leaf twayblade
    Listera cordata (L.) R.Br. var. cordata *+
        heart-leaf twayblade
             Bifolium cordatum (L.) Nieuwl.
             Diphryllum cordatum (L.) Kuntze
             Neottia cordata (L.) Rich.
             Ophrys cordata L.
             Pollinirhiza cordata (L.) Dulac
    Listera X veltmanii Case X
        Veltman's listera
             Listera veltmanii Case
  Genus: Malaxis

    Malaxis monophyllos (L.) Sw.
        white adder's-mouth
    Malaxis monophyllos (L.) Sw. var. brachypoda (A.Gray) F.J.A.Morris & E.A.Eames*+
        North American white adder's-mouth, white adder's-mouth
             Malaxis brachypoda (A.Gray) Fernald
             Malaxis monophyllos (L.) Sw. subsp. brachypoda
             Microstylis brachypoda A.Gray
    Malaxis unifolia Michx.*+
        green adder's-mouth
             Achroanthes unifolia (Michx.) Raf.
             Malaxis ophioglossoides Muhl. ex Willd.
             Malaxis thlaspiformis A.Rich. & Galeotti
             Malaxis unifolia Michx. f. bifolia Mousley
             Malaxis unifolia Michx. f. unifolia
             Microstylis grisebachiana Fawc. & Rendle
             Microstylis unifolia (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
  Genus: Platanthera

    Platanthera aquilonis Sheviak
        northern green orchid
             Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl. of many authors
    Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl.*
        white fringed orchid
             Habenaria blephariglottis (Willd.) Hook.
             Ochis blephariglottis Willd.
    Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.*
        yellow fringed orchid
             Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R.Br.
             Ochis ciliaris L.
    Platanthera clavellata (Michx.) Luer*+
        club-spur orchid, green woodland orchid, small green fringed orchid
             Denslovia clavellata (Michx.) Rydb.
             Gymnadeniopsis clavellata (Michx.) Rydb.
             Habenaria clavellata (Michx.) Spreng.
             Habenaria clavellata (Michx.) Spreng. var. ophioglossoides Fernald
             Habenaria clavellata (Michx.) Spreng. var. wrightii Olive
             Orchis clavellata Michx.
    Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex Beck
        boreal bog orchid, leafy white orchis, white bog orchid
    Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex Beck var. dilatata *+
        boreal bog orchid, leafy white orchis, scent-bottle, white bog orchid
             Habenaria dilatata (Pursh) Hook.
             Limnorchis dilatata (Pursh) Rydb.
             Orchis dilatata Pursh
             Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex Beck var. angustifolia Hook.
    Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex Beck X P. huronensis (Nutt.) Lindl.+
    Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl.
        pale green orchid, tubercled orchid
    Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl. var. herbiola (R.Br.) Luer*+
        pale green orchid, tubercled orchid
             Habenaria flava (L.) R.Br. ex Spreng. var. herbiola (R.Br.) Ames & Correll
             Habenaria herbiola R.Br.
    Platanthera hookeri (Torr. ex A.Gray) Lindl.*+
        Hooker's orchid, pad-leaf
             Habenaria hookeri Torr. ex A.Gray
             Habenaria hookeri Torr. ex A.Gray var. abbreviata Fernald
             Lysias hookeriana (Torr. ex A.Gray) Rydb.
             Orchis hookeri (Torr. ex A.Gray) A.W.Wood
             Platanthera hookeri (Torr. ex A.Gray) Lindl. var. abbreviata (Fernald) W.J.Schrenk
    Platanthera huronensis (Nutt.) Lindl.*+
        Huron green orchid, tall nothern bog orchid
             Habenaria dilatata (Pursh) Hook. var. media (Rydb.) Ames
             Habenaria huronensis (Nutt.) Spreng.
             Habenaria hyperborea (L.) R.Br. var. huronensis (Nutt.) Farw.
             Habenaria X media (Rydb.) G.Niles (pro sp.)
             Limnorchis huronensis (Nutt.) Rydb.
             Limnorchis media Rydb.
             Orchis huronensis Nutt.
             Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl. var. huronensis (Nutt.) Luer
             Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl. var. major Lange
             Platanthera X media (Rydb.) Luer (pro sp.) X
    Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl.
        northern green orchid, tall northern bog orchid
             Habenaria hyperborea (L.) R.Br.
             Limnorchis hyperborea (L.) Rydb.
             Orchis hyperborea L.
             Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl. var. hyperborea
             Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl. var. minor Lange
    Platanthera lacera (Michx.) G.Don*+
        green fringed orchid, ragged fringed orchid
             Blephariglottis lacera (Michx.) Farw.
             Habenaria lacera (Michx.) R.Br.
             Orchis lacera Michx.
             Platanthera lacera (Michx.) G.Don var. lacera
    Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindl.*+
        eastern prairie fringed orchid, prairie white fringed orchid
             Blephariglottis leucophaea (Nutt.) Farw.
             Habenaria leucophaea (Nutt.) A.Gray
             Habenaria leucophaea (Nutt.) A.Gray var. leucophaea
             Orchis leucophaea Nutt.
    Platanthera macrophylla (Goldie) P.M.Brown
        large round-leaved orchid
             Habenaria macrophylla Goldie
             Habenaria orbiculata (Pursh) Torr. var. macrophylla (Goldie) B.Boivin
             Lysias macrophylla (Goldie) House
             Platanthera orbiculata (Pursh) Lindl. var. macrophylla (Goldie) Luer
    Platanthera obtusata (Banks ex Pursh) Lindl.*+
        blunt bog orchid, blunt-leaved orchid
             Habenaria obtusata (Banks ex Pursh) Richardson
             Habenaria obtusata (Banks ex Pursh) Richardson var. collectanea Fernald
             Lysiella obtusata (Banks ex Pursh) Rydb.
             Orchis obtusata Banks ex Pursh
             Platanthera obtusata (Banks ex Pursh) Lindl. subsp. oligantha
    Platanthera orbiculata (Pursh) Lindl.*+
        large round-leaved orchid
             Habenaria orbiculata (Pursh) Torr.
             Habenaria orbiculata (Pursh) Torr. var. lehorsii Fernald
             Habenaria orbiculata (Pursh) Torr. var. menziesii (Lindl.) Fernald
             Lysias orbiculata (Pursh) Rydb.
             Orchis orbiculata Pursh
             Platanthera orbiculata (Pursh) Lindl. var. lehorsii (Fernald) Catling
             Platanthera orbiculata (Pursh) Lindl. var. orbiculata
    Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl.*+
        lesser purple fringed orchid
             Blephariglottis psycodes (L.) Rydb.
             Habenaria psycodes (L.) Spreng.
             Habenaria psycodes (L.) Spreng. var. psycodes
             Orchis psycodes L.
    Platanthera X andrewsii (M.White) Luer X +
        Andrews' bog orchid
             Habenaria X andrewsii M.White X
  Genus: Pogonia

    Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker Gawl.*+
        adder's-mouth, rose pogonia, snakemouth orchid
             Arethusa ophioglossoides L.
             Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker Gawl. f. albiflora E.L.Rand & Redfield
             Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker Gawl. f. ophioglossoides
             Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Juss. var. brachypogon Fernald
  Genus: Spiranthes

    Spiranthes casei Catling & Cruise
        Case's lady's-tresses
    Spiranthes casei Catling & Cruise var. casei *+
        Case's lady's-tresses
             Spiranthes X intermedia auct. non Ames X
    Spiranthes cernua (L.) Rich.*+
        nodding lady's-tresses
             Gyrostachys cernua (L.) Kuntze
             Ibidium cernuum (L.) House
             Ophrys cernua L.
             Spiranthes cernua (L.) Rich. var. incurva Jenn.
    Spiranthes cernua (L.) Rich. X S. magnicamporum Sheviak+
    Spiranthes cernua (L.) Rich. X S. romanzoffiana Cham.+
    Spiranthes lacera (Raf.) Raf.*+
        northern slender lady's-tresses
    Spiranthes lacera (Raf.) Raf. var. gracilis (Bigelow) Luer+
        slender lady's-tresses
             Gyrostachys gracilis (Bigelow) Kuntze
             Ibidium beckii (Lindl.) House
             Ibidium gracile (Bigelow) House
             Neottia gracilis Bigelow
             Spiranthes beckii Lindl.
             Spiranthes gracilis (Bigelow) L.C.Beck
    Spiranthes lacera (Raf.) Raf. var. lacera +
        northern slender lady's-tresses
             Neottia lacera Raf.
    Spiranthes lucida (H.H.Eaton) Ames*+
        shampoo orchid, shining lady's-tresses, wide-leaved lady's-tresses
             Ibidium plantagineum (Raf.) House
             Neottia lucida H.H.Eaton
             Spiranthes plantaginea Raf.
    Spiranthes magnicamporum Sheviak*+
        Great Plains lady's-tresses
    Spiranthes ovalis Lindl.
        October lady's-tresses, oval lady's-tresses
    Spiranthes ovalis Lindl. var. erostellata Catling+
        October lady's-tresses, oval lady's-tresses
    Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham.*+
        hooded lady's-tresses
             Gyrostachys stricta Rydb.
             Ibidium romanzoffianum (Cham.) House
             Ibidium strictum (Rydb.) House
             Spiranthes stricta (House) A.Nelson
    Spiranthes vernalis Engelm. & A.Gray
        spring lady's-tresses
             Ibidium vernalis (Engelm. & A.Gray) House
    Spiranthes X simpsonii Catling & Sheviak X +
        lady's-tresses
             Spiranthes lacera (Raf.) Raf. var. lacera X S. romanzoffiana Cham.
  Genus: Triphora

    Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb.
        nodding pogonia, three-birds orchid
    Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. subsp. trianthophora*+
        nodding pogonia, three-birds orchid
             Arethusa trianthophoros Sw.
             Pogonia trianthophora (Sw.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
             Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. var. schaffneri Camp

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